In an article he penned for The Wall Street Journal, Erdoğan said no country has felt the pain of the ensuing humanitarian crisis more severely than Turkey since the Syrian civil war began in 2011.
He said Ankara reached its limits, adding the world ignored Turkey’s repeated warnings of its inability to tackle the problem of caring for more than 3.6 million Syrian refugees without international support.
“My administration concluded that the international community wasn’t going to act, so we developed a plan for northern Syria,” said Erdoğan. “Absent an alternative plan to deal with the refugee crisis, the international community should either join our efforts or begin admitting refugees.”
Erdoğan asserted that Turkey has no problem with any ethnic or religious group in Syria.
“From our perspective, all citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic—who don’t belong to terrorist groups—are equal. In particular, we object to the equation of the PKK with the Syrian Kurds,” he wrote.
The president also said Ankara will ensure that no Daesh members incarcerated in the region leave there, expressing Turkey’s readiness to work with source countries and international organizations on the rehabilitation of foreign terrorist fighters’ spouses and children.
In the article, Erdoğan also slammed several European countries for their failure to stop the influx of foreign terrorist fighters in 2014 and 2015.
“Perhaps the government of a certain European country, which I won’t name, would like to explain to the world how one of its nationals could board a flight to Istanbul in 2014 with live ammunition in his checked luggage.
“Likewise, France has blocked weapons sales to Turkey, but why did it ignore our repeated early warnings about imminent terrorist attacks?” he added.
In retort to the Arab League’s criticisms of the Turkish operation, Erdoğan said its statements do not reflect the true views and sentiments of the Arab people. The Arab League “has no legitimacy,” he said.
“Since they are so unhappy with Turkey’s efforts to reunite Syrian refugees with their ancestral lands, how many war victims have they admitted?
“How much did they contribute to efforts to end the humanitarian crisis in Syria? Which political initiatives did they support to stop the civil war?” Erdoğan said.
The president said the international community failed to prevent the Syrian crisis from pulling an entire region into a maelstrom of instability, adding that many countries have had to deal with the conflict’s negative side effects, including irregular migration and an uptick in terrorist attacks.
“Operation Peace Spring represents a second chance to help Turkey end proxy wars in Syria and restore peace and stability to the region.
“The European Union—and the world—should support what Turkey is trying to do,” the president concluded.
Turkey to initially resettle one million refugees to Syria: Erdoğan
“We will secure the area extending from Manbij to the Iraqi border and then facilitate one million Syrian refugees’ return home in the first phase and, later on, the return of two million people,” he said, speaking at the 7th Summit of the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (Turkic Council) in Azerbaijan.
The gravest threat against peace, serenity and stability in the region stems from terrorist organizations, he said, stressing that the presence of such “evil networks as the PKK/YPG, DAESH [ISIL] and FETÖ has rendered it more important that we cooperate in the area of security.”
“What is experienced in Syria over the past eight years has shown that it is impossible to eliminate a terrorist organization by means of another one,” Erdoğan stated, noting that Turkey has taken a crucial step on Oct. 9 to “eliminate the PKK/YPG terrorist organization.”
The Operation Peace Spring, which began on Oct. 9, has two important goals, he said.
“The first one is to totally remove the terror threat emanating from the PKK/YPG in the north of Syria.”
The second goal of the operation is to enable the 3.65 million Syrians who Turkey has been hosting for eight years to “return to their homeland with their minds at peace,” Erdoğan said.