Under Italy’s latest emergency decree, a new national three-tier framework means some Covid-19 rules will now differ based on where you are in Italy.
Regions are to be divided into three categories: red, orange and yellow, under a newsystem, based on how severe the coronavirus situation is locally. (The government initially designated the lowest-risk zones green, but since changed the code to yellow to make clear that they still require caution.)
People in the highest-risk zones are told to stay within their comune, or municipality, and are only allowed to leave for work, study, health or other essential reasons, as Italy brings in the strictest measures since its two-month spring lockdown was eased.
The rules were set to come into force on Thursday November 5th, but have now been delayed until Friday, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said, in order to give affected businesses time to adjust.
See below for more details of the planned restrictions and how they differ between zones.https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/nTpj4/8/
Which category is each region of Italy in?
Apologies map couldn’t reproduce
Red (high risk) zones: Lombardy, Calabria, Piedmont, Valle d’Aosta
Orange (medium risk) zones: Puglia, SicilyYellow zones: All other regions; Abruzzo, Basilicata, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Marche, Molise Sardinia, Tuscany Umbria, Veneto, and the Provinces of Trento and Bolzano https://c766bdbb76ee3dd0046c22ce5ff67dd1.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html What are the rules? The following new measures are contained in the official text of the latest emergency decree , signed on Tuesday. They will apply across the whole country from November 6th until at least December 3rd.
- Evening curfew between 10pm and 5am
- Shopping centres closed at weekends
- Museums and galleries closed
- All high schools must switch to remote learning
In addition to these national rules, the regional tier system means red, orange and yellow zones have differing restrictions.Yellow zones do not face any additional restrictions beyond the national ones. In red and orange zones, the main differences are as follows: Orange zones: All the national rules will apply, plus:
- Travel restrictions
People in orange zones will not be allowed to travel from one municipality to another, unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport. You can enter or leave an orange or red zone only for reasons of work, study, health or emergency, which must be justified using a self-certification form.
- Business closures
Bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other food businesses must close to the public. Home delivery is still allowed, and takeaway is permitted until curfew at 10pm. Shops including hairdressers and bookshops will remain open. https://c766bdbb76ee3dd0046c22ce5ff67dd1.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html Red zones: All the national and orange zone rules apply, plus
- Travel restrictions
In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport. If you need to leave your home for work, study, health or emergency reasons these must be justified using a self-certification form. You can only enter or leave an orange or red zone for the same urgent reasons.
- Business closures
In addition to bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other catering businesses being closed to the public, as in orange zones, shops are to be closed except for those deemed essential, which include supermarkets and other food shops, tabacchi, bookshops and stationary shops. Hairdressers and beauticians can also remain open.
- Some schools closed
Distance learning will be mandatory for the second grade of middle school and upwards in red zone areas.
Infant and primary schools (scuola dell’infanzia, scuola primaria) may remain open for in-person teaching across the country, including in red zone areas, the decree states.
- No sports
All sports activities are to be suspended but “motor activity” (solo exercise such as running or walking) is allowed. Regional and city authorities may also put their own additional measures in place in response to the situation locally. READ ALSO: Where to find the latest Covid-19 information for your region of ItalyHow are the rules decided? Italy’s Health Ministry decides which region is in which zone based on the advice of its Technical Scientific Committee (CTS), effectively bypassing regional authorities – many of which have said they were against a local lockdown or other tough measures. The CTS takes 21 indicators into account including each region’s Rt number (which shows the transmission rate) as well as factors like hospital bed capacity and whether local health authorities are able to successfully trace the source of outbreaks. READ ALSO: How Italy decides which regions are Covid-19 red zones The Ministry of Health is to revise the situation weekly and issue new ordinances every 15 days, according to the new decree.